The term “provenance” refers to the origins and history of something. In the art world, it typically encompasses the history of ownership and in essence, the life of the artwork. This “life story” of the object is fundamental to determine its authenticity and value. It also informs how the work is interpreted by curators and other scholars. The provenance of an object also enriches our understanding of an artwork; what makes it significant in addition to its visual appeal.
This guide is not exhaustive, rather, it is intended to introduce you to the basic tools and many types of resources that will help you get started in your quest to learn the story of an an artwork
Museum Provenance Resources
Many museums have provenance research projects and follow practices established by organizations such as the American Alliance of Museums, largely in response, but not limited to the misappropriation of objects during World War II.
Other General Sources
Auction and Sales Results Sources
Auction sales resources are a great starting point for researching an object or the proliferation of an artist's work, and are readily available through the PMA Library Digital Resources page and Online Catalog
Mayer, E. International Auction Records: Engravings, Drawings, Watercolors, Paintings, Sculpture (New York, N.Y.: Editions Publisol, 1967- ) REF N8675 .M28i
Artist and Collector's Marks Resources
Early Literature on Collections
Image Archives and Collections
Private and Public Collection Catalogues and Monographs